sovereignty, and independence to the Poles. They ask that there should
be a Poland friendly to Russia. This seems to me very reasonable, con-
sidering the injuries which Russia has suffered through the Germans
marching across Poland to attack her.
" The Allies would welcome any general rally or fusion of both Polish
forces, those who are working with the Western Powers and those who are
working with the Soviet Union. We have several gallant Polish divisions
fighting the Germans in our armies now, and there are others who have been
fighting in Russia. Let them come together. We desire this union, and
it would be a marvellous thing if it could be proclaimed, or at least its
foundations laid, at the moment when the famous capital of Poland, which
so gallantly defended itself against the Germans, had been liberated by the
bravery of the Russian armies."
In this short speech Churchill touched on many problems which con-
cerned Poland. The optimistic opinion of the British Prime Minister
was based rather on wishfiil thinking than on the reality of the situation.
After friendly persuasion on the part of Churchill and Roosevelt, Marshal
Stalin pronounced himself" willing to receive " the Polish Prime Minister
(he was accompanied by Roiner, the Foreign Minister, and Grabski, the
Chairman of the National Council in London), but he did not receive them
as the representatives of a sovereign Power., neither was he ready to discuss
any return to the Treaty of July 30, 1941.
At the Kremlin, Stalin put demands before Mikolajczyk which ex-
clusively related to military problems. He requested that all Poland's
resources should be placed at his disposal; that the Polish Home Army
be put under Russian command and the right of requisition be granted
to the Russian troops, etc. Furthermore, Stalin insisted that the forces
of the Underground Army should make themselves known to the Russians,
upon which they would be " supplied with weapons and equipment."
He emphasised that he would not, under any circumstances, tolerate any
underground organisation on the territories occupied by the Red Army.
When the Polish Premier commented that the Soviet troops had already
disarmed detachments of the Polish Home Army and imprisoned the
officers, where, in accordance with instructions, they had contacted the
Soviets, Stalin retorted that this had occurred east of the c Curzon Line,'
and that any similar cases which had taken place west of this e Line * must
have been the result of some misunderstanding. He did not appear
concerned with the frontier or, for that matter, with any political problem,
and ec expressed the wish " as the Russian official statement put it, " that
every question connected with the situation in Poland should be discussed
between M. Mikolajczyk and the * Polish Committee of Liberation V*
which represented3 according to Marshal Stalin's view, a section of the
Polish people who had the " right to participate in the government."
Such a ' wish * was, in fact, nothing more than an attempt to compel
the legal Prime Minister of Poland to discuss matters appertaining to the
future of his country with the puppet of a foreign Power, and by this action,
bring it into the international arena as a political factor. Mikolajczyk had